Yemen remains one of the most countries that suffers from water paucity where access to drinking water is very hard for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged people.
There are 8.6 million children in Yemen who are not adequately able to access water and sanitation services. The escalating conflict in Yemen Since 2015 led to depriving more people from their right of accessing safe drinking water. Access to clean water is a very important issue in Yemen to prevent spread of the water-borne diseases. In 2017, the largest outbreak of cholera and acute water ailments in the world was witnessed in Yemen. Unfortunately, indicators say that cholera outbreak will return again if the water crisis continued unresolved.
More than half of the Yemeni population are still in need for support to meet their basic water, sanitation and hygiene needs. Since the beginning of the crisis, access to improved water sources significantly reduced in 11 out of 20 governorates. Moreover, the number of governorates where less than half of the population can access water from improved sources has almost doubled since 2014. 1
Protracted displacement continues to put additional pressure on already scarce water sources and sanitation services. Collapsing urban water and sanitation systems, deteriorating water and sanitation conditions in rural areas, and lack of means to maintain personal hygiene and purchase safe drinking water all contributed to one of the worst cholera outbreaks Yemen has ever faced.
As estimated, 16 million Yemenis need humanitarian assistance to establish or maintain access to safe water and basic sanitation and hygiene facilities, out of them 11.6 million are in acute need.
Water and sewage networks require increased support to continue providing the minimum level of services. An estimated 38 per cent of Yemen’s population are connected to a piped water network, with higher coverage in urban areas (42 per cent). Due to the lack of electricity and revenues, the functionality of these piped networks is depending heavily on support from humanitarian partners. Where piped networks have stopped, people revert to free but unimproved water sources or depend on charity from others, often resulting in irregular and insufficient access to unsafe water sources. With 78 per cent of households suﬀering from reduced economic status since 20152, only part of the population can aﬀord trucked water. With an estimated 6 per cent of households treating their water at home, it can be assumed that the majority of the population is not able to access safe water for drinking. In the context of the recent cholera outbreak, increased water quality assurance eﬀorts are needed to ensure the population has access to safe water.
Poor performance of sewage systems and waste water treatment in urban areas, and weak sanitation and hygiene conditions in rural areas further aggravates the risk of spreading cholera and other diseases. Garbage collection services are primarily provided by local authorities in most parts of the country, but most are barely functioning in the current situation. Therefore, as a result of operational challenges, eﬀorts are needed to strengthen the regularity and quality of solid waste management.3
YDN WASH field interventions:
During 2014-2018, YDN had many interventions in WASH field within ten Yemeni governorates (Amanat Al-Asemah, Al Hodeidah, Lahj, Taiz, Hadramout, Aden, Al Jouf, Dhamar, Al-Mehweet and Hajjah) . More than 25,703 households have benefited from such interventions. These interventions have varied including drilling wells and operating them, establishing permanent pumps, establishing different sized water tanks, providing drinking water to IDPs, monitoring cholera cases, and community awareness activities.
At Taiz governorate, YDN established a local WASH cluster for YDN members during the most difficult circumstances of war. As a result, (40) tanks were distributed covering all the city’s districts and provided with water regularly from far and difficult to access areas.
Below, List Of YDN WASH field interventions:
|Governorate||Year||Beneficiaries (Families)||Target Benef.||Intervention|
|Al Hodeidah||2014||2000||District population||Wells drilling|
|Lahj||2014||429||District population||Wells drilling|
|Amanat Al Asemah, Taiz, Hadramout, and Aden||2015||11152||IDPs||Establishment of large, medium and small water tanks|
|Taiz and Aden||2015||929||IDPs||Establishment of permanent pumps|
|Taiz||2015||2429||Affected population||Operating wells and Providing fuel|
|Hadramout||2016||1,070||IDPs and Marginalized||Water Distribution|
|Al Jowf||2016||3304||Poor families||Drinking Water Distribution|
|Hadramout||2017||1074||IDPs||Drinking Water Distribution|
|Hajjah||2017||1645||Population and IDPs||Monitoring cholera cases, and community awareness|
|Ibb||2018||137||Households & IDPs||Cholera response|
|Al Jowf||2018||1222||households||Cholera response|
- SDR Access to improved water. REACH and WASH Cluster, 2017.
- IPC analysis 2017.
- Humanitarian Response Plan 2018.