Shelter /NFI/CCCM Main activities :

  1. Provision of essential Non-Food Items and Emergency Shelter

In-line with the Cluster strategy, there is a major shift from provision of in-kind assistance into the cash and voucher modality to give the beneficiaries the choice to buy the required items which will contribute to supporting more sustainable solutions and promote the use of Cash as a tool for integrated IDPs hosting sites (CCCM) response. The provision of cash or voucher should be based on a thorough assessment and context-specific analysis, including cost effectiveness and efficiency, local availability of goods and services, gender and protection considerations, and Risk assessment of insecurity and corruption. This includes the provision of cash grants for winter support.

  1. Provision of Cash for rental subsidies

This type of assistance provides a means to vulnerable IDPs to ensure their access to safe shelter for an extended period of time and should be linked to ensure the shelter solution is more sustainable.  The support provided does not necessarily cover the full amount of the rental but a partial amount as a transitional measure until the family is able to self-sustain.

  1. Construction of Transitional shelters

Transitional shelters provides displaced families, particularly those  living in spontaneous settlement to be upgraded from the emergency shelter to the longer-term  shelter solution with a  longer life span in safety and dignity . The design is informed through consultation with the community to optimize protection from hazards, health, livelihoods and provides more flexibility for recovery while utilizing materials from the local market. This will also contribute to the local and regional economics. The land for transitional shelters should either be provided by the beneficiary or through the local authorities in that location, however the Partners should ensure that there is security of tenure before shelter support is provided.  

  1. Provision of cash grant for the rehabilitation/reconstruction of damaged or destroyed houses :

The cash grants will support returnees rehabilitate and reconstruct their damaged / destroyed houses. This will allow families to safely and sustainably move back into their homes and support long term return. Technical assessment is required to identify the level of damages and determine the cost of rehabilitation although the cash support will be up to a maximum of $2,300 for rehabilitation and $5,345 for reconstruction. 

  1. Site Management and Coordination Support and Monitoring

This activity is a key to boost a more integrated response in IDP hosting sites to ensure that needs and gaps are adequately address.

Implementation of this Activity will involve the following:

  1. Site Management and Coordination support

To ensure the establishment or support  of a functional site management and coordination system in place to ensure the provision of integrated response that meets the minimum humanitarian standards, strengthen community engagement, establish / build the capacity of the self-management committees and maintain an effective coordination system to identify needs, coordination responses and advocate for gaps.

  1. Site monitoring

To ensure that the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Cluster has regular updated information on what assistance has been provided and what needs and gaps remain.

  • Basic maintenance

To ensure that the Cluster Partners providing coordination support in the IDP hosting sites have a budget to support the community to perform the minimum upkeep and maintain at the site level. 

  • Target Group
  1. Highly vulnerable internally displaced persons. Particular focus to IDPs living in hosting sites. The following categories represent the different needs of IDPs versus the length of displacement:
  2. Newly displaced: IDPs who have been displaced for less than 6 months constitute 10% of the total IDP population and will require an emergency response.
  3. Protracted displacement: IDPs who have displaced for more than 6 months which constitute 90% of the IDP population would be provided with more sustainable shelter solutions.
  4. Highly vulnerable host community who are overstretched and require assistance in order to continue providing the hosting arrangement to IDPs.
  5. Returnees who require support to sustain their life.

The following beneficiary selection criteria in addition to the Shelter/NFI/CCCM vulnerability criteria[1] should be considered:

  1. IDPs that are economically poor without the means to provide their basic needs and without assistance their situation would deteriorate significantly.
  2. IDPs who have identified shelter solutions that need support of the humanitarian Organizations.
  3. IDPs unable to return to their places of origin that are safe because  their houses are totally destroyed or partially damaged but not livable.

Overview and reasons of interventions

Yemeni Development Network For NGOs (YDN) is one of the forefront of humanitarian outreach throughout provided humanitarian and development aid to IDPs, People in need and conflict affected population throughout all republic governorates  , YDN for NGOs implemented different activities in the  area of Shelter /NFI/CCCM in line with  the cluster strategy like the following:

Place

Date

Number of families

Target Group

Activity

Marib Al-Jawf

2013

130

IDPs , Conflict affected population

Urgent relief (Shelter   Distribution) 

Al-Hodeidah ,Ibb and Al-dalia

2015

300

IDPs , Conflict affected population

Urgent relief (Shelter  )  Distribution

Socotra –Island

Almahrah

Makala

Hadhramout

2015

450

 

Cyclone Chapala affected population

 

Urgent response project Shelter materials distribution ( blankets and healthy brushes)  for affected population from Cyclone Chapala

 

Amant Al-asimah

Abyian

Ibb

 

2015

300

IDPs , Conflict affected population

Urgent relief ( Cash For rent ) distribution

 

2015

 

IDPs , Conflict affected population

Eid Cloth Distribution  

Marib,Al-jawf-Hadramout- Sana’a

 

2016

1064

IDPs , Conflict affected population

Shelter Project (Camp )

Marib,Al-jawf-Hadhramout- Sana’a

 

2016

5994

IDPs , Conflict affected population and Vulnerability Families

Shelter material Distribution

Shelter Materials

Distribution  

Marib- Taizz

2016

93

IDPs , Conflict affected population and Vulnerability Families

Winter clothing distribution ) 

Ma’rib

2016

300

Wounder affected by conflict  

Blanket Distribution Project For Wounded

Marib

2017

80

IDPs , Conflict affected population and Vulnerability Families

Winter Kits distribution