Gender-based violence (GBV) 

YDN Prospective to respond to Gender and GBV Issues      

    The Yemeni Development Network for NGOs (YDN) aims to strengthen the capacities of partners and enhancing capacity building in general and is currently working to respond to gender and protection issues in particular and specifically within the humanitarian response projects for a number of reasons which include reducing risks across humanitarian programmes, increasing access to services for survivors, tackling the root causes of violence, compliance with accountability to affected people AAP standards and promoting women’s rights.

 

Background:

      Gender inequalities are a universal reality in all societies and constitute a driver of crisis, a key factor individual vulnerability and impact the capacity of individuals and communities to recover from emergencies. This is why particular attention should be paid to the gender roles, relations and power dynamics in families and communities as these largely shape individuals’ protection and assistance needs and as it directly influences their access to aid delivery. A number of resources, tools and guidelines have been developed to address Gender inequalities.

Gender-based violence (GBV) against women and girls is one of the most widespread violations of human rights. GBV both reflects and reinforces inequalities between men and women and compromises the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its survivors. Health services offer an effective way to respond to GBV, yet a systemic approach is still often missing.

Key Messages

Gender-based violence is a life-threat and a violation of health, human rights and protection issues. It is deeply rooted in gender inequalities and is rampant during humanitarian crises and emergencies. In addition, responding to and preventing gender-based violence is not yet fully addressed and is not a priority in the early stages of humanitarian operations so far.

  • Consider gender-based violence as a cross-cutting issue in humanitarian programs, cross-sectoral and often weak within organizations. Where there is a disconnect between gender equality and sexual violence, capacity issues and lack of accountability. The complexity of the issue, the limited means and the obstacles to addressing gender-based violence (such as the absence of justice systems) should not prevent humanitarian actors from addressing this problem.
  • The gender-based response program in emergencies aims to ensure that all humanitarian efforts, from the early stages of the crisis, include policies, systems and mechanisms to mitigate the risks of gender-based violence and provide safe and comprehensive services to those affected by gender-based violence Social development.
  • YDN consider Gender-based violence as a serious and priority humanitarian issue

The GBV Context of Yemen:

“20.7 MILLION People in need, 11.3 MILLION People in need of protection

2.6 MILLION Women and girls at risk of gender-based violence, 52,000 Women at risk of sexual violence including rape” *[i]

The current and ongoing conflicts and humanitarian crises in Yemen affect men, women, girls, and boys differently due to their different societal roles and the deep-rooted socio-cultural and economic inequalities which become exacerbated during crises. Men and boys form the vast majority of direct victims of armed conflict and associated impacts like forced recruitment or arbitrary detention. Women bear the burdens of running the households under extreme stress and are often exposed to different forms of gender-based violence. During emergencies, women and girls become more vulnerable as basic services collapse and livelihoods diminish. In order to better understand the impact of armed conflict on men, women, boys, and girls, and the changes that have resulted in gender roles and relationships at household and community levels since the onset of conflict in March 2015.  Many reports in Yemen has shown that women’s limited access to information and education, cultural restrictions on women’s movement and financial dependence of many poorer women on their male relatives, render them particularly vulnerable to violence.

 

About this Programme:

   There is a number of interventions have been introduced by several actors in the area of gender-based violence such as GBV services, Community awareness on GBV issues and GBV services and strengthening GBV Information and Management System, however, the basic need is to strengthen the capacities of humanitarian response workers in gender-based violence through training, awareness, and practice. Training curriculums on gender-based violence (GBV) have been developed across sectors, such as education, health, social services, violence against women (VAW), Case management system, justice, services for indigenous peoples, and settlement services. With an increasing need for these types of educational programs, this training program is designed to provide the information needed for changes both in the practice of individual professionals dealing with survivors of gender-based violence and awareness-raising as well as institutional changes. This module provides you with selected topics, theory, exercises and handouts as well as PowerPoint presentations that can be used for such a training. It is sub-divided into 10 modules.

 

Objectives/ Outputs:

This Programme aims to increase participant’s knowledge and understanding of the concept of gender, and gender-based violence, sexuality, rights through conducting training and workshop sessions. It will further take a look at the various forms of gender-based violence and the core principles for a code of conduct, reporting mechanisms and be developing a programmatic response, in addition, to provide them with the resources.

The Targeted Group:

The training program targets humanitarian response workers in any field but particularly in the protection, gender, gender-based violence, health care, referral and case management systems.

 

[i] http://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/resource-pdf/UNFPA_Yemen_-_Factsheet_GBV_-_October_2017_-_final_version.pdf