Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the middle East occupies the order 154 of 187 country in the human development. Over the past 40 years, Yemen has performed relatively well in increasing access to formal education, but important challenges remain. Enrollment in education has improved at all levels and the level of literacy has been reduced by half, from 90% in 1973 to 45% in 2004.
Yemen continues to suffer from low indicators of education in both access and quality of education. Despite an increase in net enrollment of over 17% over the past decade (from 62.5% in 2004 to 79% in 2013), more than 1.6 million children of school age still lack access to education with significant disparities Gender, social status and geographical location. There were already over 600 schools in need of rehabilitation, reconstruction, repair or restoration to restore their jobs and become safe and appropriate for education. This is what the strategic plan for the network of development and cross-cutting with the humanitarian response plan, through the mass of education, aims at improving the educational process with all its components.
- 5 million school-age children in Yemen, of whom 523,646 are internally displaced persons of school age.
- 9 million children are considered out of school.
- 4.147.218 million children need assistance to ensure their continued access to education.
- 7.5 million school-age children in Yemen are at risk of acute watery diarrhea / The Cholera.
The suspension of teachers’ salaries has created an educational crisis, leading to the risk of a generation of illiterate children in the absence of mitigation measures.
In the long term, the development and progress of the entire country will be affected by the large number of uneducated children, many of whom have emotional and physical scars associated with the conflict. Thus, the prospects for the future of business, political, religious and government leaders will be distorted for many generations. The high number of people displaced by the conflict, the wage crisis and the closure of schools have increased pressure on schools in host areas, all of which have led to an increase in the number of people in need and to the wider geographical area in dire need.
Without learning environment and the protection offered by schools and the continuing collapse of economic conditions, the greater number of boys and girls in Yemen are at risk of child labor and Time sheet recruitment to fight and join extremist or criminal groups.
Girls are particularly at risk of dropping out of school, exposing them to early marriage and domestic violence. Lack of latrines and water, sanitation and hygiene facilities is generally one of the main reasons for girls dropping out of school. Moreover, long distances to school dissuade families from enrolling their children (boys and girls alike) in school.
Children with disabilities and disabled persons are less likely to have access to basic and secondary education than children from the general population.
Children’s need for adequate psychological and social support services is not commensurate with available resources, depriving them of the ability to recover from the trauma associated with violence and violence in schools and in society as a whole.
YDN Education Interventions:
- YDN has an education forum that includes member organizations that are active and interested in education.
- YDN is a member of the Education Cluster.